Dissipating tensile and compressive forces
Since concrete is able to absorb high compressive forces, but only low tensile forces, attempts to strengthen or reinforce concrete with iron began in the mid-19th Century. In Germany, the iron rods are still named 'Monier Iron' after the owner of the first patent in this field, gardener Joseph Monier. Due to the metal braid, tensile forces and – in highly stressed areas – compressive forces are absorbed effectively. The requirements for reinforcement are based on DIN 1045-1. The member companies of the ECS provide various products for reinforcing systems. The different positioning and product alignment within the association is desired provided that it complies with the association's quality policy and the common criteria.
ECS members are active in the following reinforcing system-related areas:
- rebar connections
- punching shear reinforcement
- balcony connections
- spacing systems